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Information Literacy: ACRL Framework


In 2016, the Association of College and Research Libraries adopted the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education, superseding the Information Competency Standards for Higher Education which had been in place since 2000.  The Framework grew out of the recognition of a changing information landscape in which librarians, faculty, and students are able to participate as users and creators of information.

The Framework is organized into six essential information literacy concepts, each with a set of knowledge practices and dispositions.  The concepts, or frames, are presented in alphabetical order to emphasize their inherent connection and interdependence, rather than as a particular sequence to be mastered before moving on to the next concept.

The concepts addressed in the Framework are:

  • Authority is Constructed and Contextual
  • Information Creation as a Process
  • Information Has Value
  • Research as Inquiry
  • Scholarship as Conversation
  • Searching as Strategic Exploration

Each of the frames and their associated knowledge practices and dispositions are discussed at

Implementing the Framework

Background and Further Reading

Further Ideas for Implementation